Epidemiology & Modeling
Joseph Eisenberg, professor and chair of the Epidemiology Department at the School of Public Health, is an expert on infectious disease epidemiology and has 20 years of experience in microbial risk assessment work focused on water quality. He is part of a group of scientists from around the country who are involved with the Modeling Infectious Disease Agents Study, an NIH-funded program that focuses on infectious disease transmission modeling with a particular focus on waterborne pathogens. Their work has informed recent Ebola projections about infection rates and deaths.
Read articles by Joseph Eisenberg:
- How scientists quantify the intensity of an outbreak like coronavirus and its pandemic potential.
- Viruses Live on Doorknobs and Phones and Can Get You Sick—Smart Cleaning and Good Habits Can Help Protect You
- Coronavirus: Is it time to panic yet?
- Listen to Eisenberg as he discusses the origins of coronavirus, adds historical context, and explores comparisons to the flu.
In the News:
- Coronavirus in Michigan can’t always be traced to travelers anymore. Here’s what that means
- Coronavirus crisis exposes years of failure
- The first known US coronavirus case is nearly two months old — and it's still 'pretty complicated' to be tested
- 'Enemy of mankind': Coronavirus deaths top SARS as China returns to work
Marisa Eisenberg is an associate professor of Epidemiology at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. Her recent research has primarily been in the modeling of infectious diseases.
Aubree Gordon, associate professor of epidemiology at the School of Public Health, works on infectious disease epidemiology and global health, particularly the epidemiologic features and transmission of influenza and dengue fever. She is an investigator with the Centers of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance.
Ryan Malosh is an assistant research scientist at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. He studies herd immunity due to vaccination of household contacts, influenza vaccine effectiveness, epidemiology and transmission of respiratory viruses, and social determinants of acute respiratory infection. He is currently working on studies of COVID-19 in the community and household settings.
Emily Toth Martin, associate professor of epidemiology at the School of Public Health, is an infectious disease epidemiologist with a focus on virus epidemiology and the use of vaccines and therapies to prevent and treat infection. Her research includes optimizing the use of diagnostics for viral diseases.
Watch video of Martin discussing different kinds of viruses.
Arnold Monto, professor of epidemiology and global health at the School of Public Health, is an internationally known expert on the transmission, prevention, mitigation and social response to outbreaks and pandemic planning including transmission modes. He has served as an adviser for the World Health Organization, consulted with the U.S. Department of Defense on communicable diseases, and visited Beijing during the SARS coronavirus episode in 2003.
He says as testing becomes more available in the U.S., the public should be prepared to see more cases confirmed.
"Previously, you couldn't demonstrate spread in the community because tests could only be used on travels or their contacts," he said, adding that stopping the spread of the virus is still the top priority for health authorities. "The reason we're so vigorous in trying to contain it is that containment and social distancing worked for SARS. This virus seems to be more transmissible than SARS but still does not behave like the flu."
Bhramar Mukherjee is the John D. Kalbfleisch Collegiate Professor and chair of Biostatistics at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. She can address the role of interventions for COVID-19 in India.
Read the modeling piece on the predictions and role of interventions for COVID-19 outbreak in India.
Duane Newton is Professor of Pathology in the Medical School and Professor of Epidemiology School of Public Health. He is also director of the Michigan Medicine Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, and can discuss issues around testing for SARS-CoV2, as well as the development of molecular assays for the diagnosis and management of infectious diseases.
Joshua Petrie is a research assistant professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. His research focuses on the transmission of respiratory virus infections and is currently collaborating on several CDC and NIH funded studies of influenza vaccine effectiveness in inpatient, outpatient and community settings.
In the News:
- Michigan launches coronavirus contact tracing. Here’s what you need to know.
- How to get around safely and where you can go in Detroit under the stay-at-home order
Laura Power is a clinical assistant professor of Epidemiology at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. She can address the term “flattening the curve” and the spread of COVID-19.
Read Q&A on flattening the curve.
Peter Song is a professor of biostatistics at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. He is interested in methodological developments related to modelling, statistical inference and applications in biomedical sciences.
Abram Wagner is a research assistant professor of Epidemiology at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. His research is targeted toward evidence-based programs and policies that work toward the control of a broad range of vaccine-preventable diseases.
Watch Wagner on Fox 2 Detroit addressing the spread of COVID-19.
Mental Health and Social Impacts
Lindsay Kobayashi is an assistant professor of Epidemiology at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. She can discuss the social determinants of health and health inequities, especially as applied to the older population, that may be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. She can also speak to the quality of the research design, ethics, and potential broader social implications associated with non-peer reviewed studies including the study "Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin as a treatment of COVID-19."
Alison Miller is an associate professor of Health Behavior and Health Education at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. She research focuses on child bio-behavioral regulation, family functioning, and social context. She studies basic developmental processes, including self-regulation of emotions, sleep, eating behavior, and neuroendocrine stress responses in young children.
Read Q&A on the mental health and stress implications of COVID-19
Nancy Fleischer is an associate professor of epidemiology at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. Her research interests include health disparities, social and environmental determinants of health and global non-communicable disease risk. She can comment on how certain vulnerable populations may be at increased risk for COVID-19 transmission and complications.
Paul Fleming, assistant professor of Health Behavior and Health Hducation at the School of Public Health, uses a community-based participatory approach with Latino immigrants to examine how policies and discrimination contribute to poor physical and mental health outcomes.
"To solely state that underlying medical conditions cause racial disparities in coronavirus outcomes without explaining why some groups are disproportionately affected by conditions such as asthma, diabetes and hypertension is like saying that the Flint Water Crisis was caused by lead dissolving off the water pipes," he said. "It may be technically true but it ignores the bigger picture about the racist policies and discrimination that are the root cause of the problem."
Arline Geronimus is a professor of health behavior and health education at the School of Public Health and associate director of the Population Studies Center, Institute for Social Research. She's a member of the National Academy of Medicine.
"The disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on blacks, Latinx, Native Americans and the poor is extreme and alarming, but, unfortunately, not surprising," she said. "Along the pathways through which Americans are exposed to COVID-19 and vulnerable to its worst impacts, members of these groups are at an entrenched disadvantage.
"Beyond medical professionals, so-called essential workers are more likely to be members of these groups and, thus, out in the world each day, in proximity to more people. Those who shelter in place, are more likely to do so in overcrowded and decaying homes that are often ripe with asthma triggers; and they are less likely to be in a position to work remotely, reducing household resources. Members of these populations bear a disproportionate probability of having the pre-existing conditions, such as asthma and diabetes, that increase the risk of death among those who are infected, including at young ages.
"Even short of a diagnosed condition, members of these populations are likely to have experienced 'weathering,' the dysregulation and stress-mediated wear and tear across body systems—immune, neuroendocrine, cardiovascular and metabolic—that, in effect, represents the acceleration of biological aging and can result in having weakened tissues and organs, more vulnerable to the 'cytokine storms' that appear to be one of the biological mechanistic pathways from COVID-19 infection to death rather than recovery.
"Relative lack of access to health insurance and primary care physicians for these communities, coupled with the implicit racial bias many health care providers have, become a lethal combination when health care resources and technology are scarce, as they are now, and overstressed health personnel are pressed to make triaging decisions with few protocols."
Roshanak Mehdipanah is an assistant professor of health behavior and health education. She can discuss connections between housing instability and health, health equity gaps, and urban health and the intersections with other determinants of health.
Enrique Neblett is a professor of Health Behavior and Health Education at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. Neblett is one of the leading US scholars in the area of racism and health, with a particular focus on understanding how racism-related stress influences the mental and physical health of African American young people. He is interested in examining COVID-19 racial disparities and interventions, programs, and policies that might address these disparities, improve health, and promote health equity.
Jon Zelner, assistant professor of Epidemiology at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, is a social epidemiologist focused on understanding and targeting the joint social and biological drivers of infectious disease risk. Among his recent research, he's looked at modeling racial disparities in tuberculosis mortality in early 20th century America. He can discuss how disparities have affected different populations in the past, when lower income populations have been at greater risk than wealthier peers.
"People have incentives that pull them in different directions," he said. "Nobody wants to go sick to the workplace or out to the community or at school but the less ability you have to make those choices, to take time off, the more likely you are to go to work, to ride the bus, to go to places where you could transmit to other people."
In the News:
Health Care Workforce and Policy
Denise Anthony is a professor of health management and policy at the School of Public Health. Her work examines the use of information technology in health care. Anthony and doctoral candidate Amanda Stanhaus are looking at a potential immunity certification system that is being considered in other countries to address public health needs while restarting the economy.
"Historically, some diseases, particularly communicable ones like polio, HIV, and even SARS, become a source of social stigma, discrimination and exclusion," they said. "We are already seeing racism and discrimination in the coronavirus pandemic. To avoid serious unintended consequences of privileging immunity passport holders, we must ensure that protections are in place to combat the possibility of inequality and stigma."
Angela Beck is a clinical assistant professor of health behavior and health education and director of the Behavioral Health Workforce Research Center at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. Her research interests include organizational performance of public health departments, workforce development, health workforce planning, and delivery of mental health and substance use disorder services to vulnerable and underserved populations. She is currently exploring emergency workforce policy options to support health workforce surge capacity during the coronavirus pandemic.
Christopher Friese, professor of Nursing at the University of Michigan School of Nursing and professor of Health Management and Policy at the School of Public Health. He is an expert on health care worker safety and leads a research team focused on health care delivery in high-risk settings.
"Ongoing training is essential to keep our workforce safe," he said. "In the current situation, I recommend health care workers––regardless of setting––ask their employer to conduct respirator fit testing and review procedures to safely apply and remove protective equipment. Make sure the equipment is readily available and there is clarity as to what equipment should be used in what circumstance."
Peter Jacobson, professor emeritus of Health Management and Policy at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, can discuss the legal issues involving the spread of infectious diseases, including quarantine. His research focuses on the relationship between law and health care delivery, law and public health systems, and health equity. He has looked at previous cases including the 2014 Ebola outbreak, when several states imposed quarantines exceeding guidelines from the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
In the News:
- How to get an advance supply of critical medicine to prepare for a coronavirus outbreak and quarantine
- How To Boost Your Emergency Supply Of Prescription Medicines
Simone Singh is an assistant professor of health management and policy at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. Her areas of expertise include health care/hospital and public health finance as well as hospital community benefit.
Nutrition and Food Insecurity
Cindy Leung is an assistant professor and nutrition epidemiologist whose research focuses on diet and health disparities in vulnerable populations. She can discuss food insecurity.
Julia Wolfson is an assistant professor of Health Management and Policy at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. The majority of her research focuses on the role of cooking for diet quality and health, and health and social policies and programs related to food and beverage choices, diet quality, food insecurity, and diet related disease prevention. She has recently conducted research related to the impacts of COVID-19 and food insecurity in the United States.
Brian Zikmund-Fisher is a health communications expert and associate professor of Health Behavior and Health Education at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. His research and teachings focus on health risk perceptions of enabling everyone to share scientific information in meaningful ways.
"The risks of COVID-19 are psychological as well as medical," he said. "How we talk about this virus affects whether people do what they need to do (such as really washing hands consistently) and whether they do counterproductive behaviors like hoarding masks. Effective COVID-19 communication has to go beyond sharing information to acknowledging and addressing the public's emotions."
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